Guide to the History 398 (History of Women in the American West) Student Projects 1996-2005
Archives 262

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Title
History 398 (History of Women in the American West) Student Projects
ID
Archives 262
Date [inclusive]
1996-2005
Extent
10.0 boxes
Language
English
Abstract
This collection consists of student projects related to women’s history in the western United States, from "History of Women in the American West" (HIST 398) at Washington State University, taught by Susan Armitage. These projects were created by students enrolled in the course between 1996 and 2005.

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description] History 398 (History of Women in the American West) Student Projects, 1996-2005

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of student projects related to women’s history in the western United States, from "History of Women in the American West" (HIST 398) at Washington State University, taught by Susan Armitage. These projects were created by students enrolled in the course between 1996 and 2005.

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Arrangement note

These projects include oral interviews (audiocassette, microcassette, and compact disc), student papers, release forms signed by the subjects of the oral interviews, and, in a few instances, supplementary information or images. In a few instances, the projects are based on non-oral history sources. This collection is divided into six series. Each series is arranged alphabetically by name of the interview subject. A brief summary of each interview is included in the project description.

Series 1: Projects, 1996

Series 2: Projects, 1998

Series 3: Projects, 2001

Series 4: Projects, 2003

Series 5: Projects, 2005

Series 6: Student summaries of earlier HIST 398 projects, 2005

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 2012

http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open and available for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Susan Armitage, Professor of History, transferred these student projects to the Washington State University Libraries in 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, and 2005 (accessions UA 97-05, UA 98-13, UA 2002-01, UA 2003-09, and UA 2005-08). Lynette Scriver processed the collection in 2006. The collection was redescribed from October 2011 to January 2012 by History PhD student Shawna Herzog. That redescription of this collection, as well as digitization of audio/video materials for preservation purposes, was funded through a National Endowment for the Humanities “We the People” grant for Washington Women’s History to the Washington Women’s History Consortium, a part of the Washington State Historical Society.

Processing Information note

This collection was processed by Lynette Scriver and Shawna Herzog.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Archives 194: History 398 (Women in the West), 1979-1986; Archives 220: History 398 (Women in the West), 1979-1994.

Most, though not quite all, of the oral histories in these three collections are now available online in the Women in the West Oral History Digital Collection.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Washington State University--History Dept--Records and correspondence.

Subject(s)

  • Washington (State)
  • Women
  • Women's studies--Washington (State)--Pullman--Archives.
  • Women--West (U.S.)--History--Archives.

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Collection Inventory

 1 Projects 1996 

Box Folder

Bowerman, Mary. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Elizabeth Bowerman,1996. Born 1923; lived Odell, California; Seattle, Washington; Longview, Washington. She describes her early childhood in Odell, California, marrying early, and moving to Seattle with her husband. She worked for Boeing; traveled the U.S. as a military wife, and eventually settled in Longview, Washington. 

1 1

Halverson, Mary. Paper by Narelle Hall, 1996. Born 1920; lived Carson City, Nevada; Kennewick, Washington. She talks about her early childhood on a farm outside Carson City, Nevada, household chores, and life during the Great Depression. She describes sexual discrimination in her high school and attended nursing school. She met her husband in 1942 and raised four children. She describes being a volunteer nurse and traveling with her family. 

1 2

Hatch, Priscilla. Paper by Amy Hatch, 1996. Born 1912; lived Moreland, Idaho; Tetonia, Idaho. She describes her early childhood, her friends, and a Flu epidemic in 1918. She attended Ricks College in Rexburg, Idaho and obtained a teaching degree. She met her husband while she was in college; they married once she graduated, and settled in Tetonia, Idaho where they bought a farm, raised their children, and she taught elementary school. 

1 3

Hellberg, Verna. Notes from an interview, consent form, and a paper by Travis Olson, 1996. Born 1930; lived Ogden, Utah; Astoria, Oregon. She describes her Danish parents' immigration, her family's Mormon religion, and her early childhood in Astoria, Oregon. Verna remembers her sister joining the Navy's WAVES in World War II and working in the canneries around Astoria. She describes meeting her first husband, having two children, and her husband's problems with alcoholism and abuse. Verna divorced her first husband, met her second husband, had three more children, and remained in Astoria, Oregon. She describes the tragic but heroic death of her husband in 1986, trying to rescue other members aboard the fishing boat he worked on. Verna explains that since her husband's death, she travels and spends time with her grandchildren. 

1 4

Jones, Evelyn. Interview, (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Ann Johnson, 1996. Born 1920; lived Spokane, Washington. She talks about her early childhood chores on a farm and growing up during the Great Depression. She went to Kinman Business University in Spokane, Washington and worked as a secretary for Maxwell and Frank Trucking Company. She married her husband Jack Jones in 1944 and worked outside the home while raising their two children. 

1 5

Magnuson, Lucille. Interview (2 audiocassettes with consent form), summary, photographs, and paper by Eric Lee Hanson, 1996. Born 1920; lived Cedar Rapids, Iowa; Tacoma, Washington. She talks about her family's move to Tacoma from Cedar Rapids and her early childhood playing music. She explains that her father worked for the railroad and that her parents encouraged her and her sister's music and dance talents. Lucille married Robert Magnuson in 1943, then moved to Kendrick, Idaho, where she remained. 

1 6

Martin, Dorothy. Paper by Jennifer R. Martin, 1996. Born 1907; lived Butte, Montana; Pullman, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Butte, Montana and helping with her father's hotel and candy business. She explains how in spite of being an only child she lived with a large, extended Jewish family. After high school, Dorothy's education at Washington State College was put on hold because of the Great Depression and an accident, so she attended the University of Montana, where she obtained her teaching degree and encountered her first experiences of racial discrimination for being Jewish. She obtained a teaching position in Butte, Montana and taught high school until she met her husband. She married in the mid-1930s, had two children, and moved to Spokane, Washington in 1941, where they eventually opened Martin's Tire Store. 

1 7

Miller, Avis. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), and paper by Darcie Sepko, 1996. Born 1903; lived Anthony, Kansas; Alva, Oklahoma; California. The paper describes Avis's parent's migration to Kansas and their early struggles establishing a farm. She describes her Welsh heritage and talks about memories of her grandparents. She describes her early childhood on the farm and attending teacher's college in Alva, Oklahoma. She met her husband while teaching elementary school, they married and moved to California where they built successful teaching careers. 

1 8

Rudisile, Edith. Interview (2 audiocassettes with consent form), summary, and paper by Niki M. Wilson, 1996. Born 1908; lived Minnesota Lake, Minnesota; Spokane, Washington. She talks about her early childhood, riding a train with her family to Spokane, and life on their farm in Micah near Spokane, Washington. She describes attending school with one teacher for all eight grades and explains that her family was very involved in school activities. She describes her family's first car - a Ford truck - in 1920, and says she went to work in the True-Blue Cookie factory in Spokane, Washington until she married 1930. She talks about having children and raising a family during the Great Depression, World War II, and the Korean War. 

1 9

Schramm, Ada Emily. Written interview, photographs, and paper by Katherine A. Friedemann, 1996. Born 1904; lived Pasadena, California; died 1994. This history is taken from an interview with Ada Schramm's daughter, the interviewer's mother, Judith Pond Williams. She talks about Ada's early childhood in southern California and the loss of her father. She describes how Ada attended Pomona College, in Pomona, California and obtained her teaching degree in 1926. She was married and widowed twice, had three children, losing her first to a childhood illness. 

1 10

Ward, Tamiko. Paper and summary (no audiocassette) by Yoko O'Brien. Born 1934; lived Tokyo, Japan; Lacey, Washington. Tamiko describes being evacuated from her home in Tokyo to avoid the bombing during World War II. After graduating from high school and obtaining a job at a U.S. military base, Tamiko met and married an American serviceman in 1952. As a military wife, Tamiko describes life on base, raising four children, obtaining her citizenship, and moving from Colorado, to Missouri, to Europe, then back to Fort Lewis, Washington. She divorced her husband after her children were grown and talks about the various jobs she had and the independence she gained after the divorce. She also describes the discrimination she and her children felt for being Japanese. 

1 11

Wehr, Thelma. Paper by Michelle Wilson, 1996. Born 1912; lived Mt. Pleasant, IA. She talks about her early childhood on a small family farm and her experiences going to school. She describes her life in rural area and the impact of the Great Depression on her family and those in her community. Thelma also describes life during World War II as well as her experiences raising her children as a widow. She worked various jobs outside the home until her second marriage. 

1 12

Young, Frances. Interview (2 audiocassettes with consent form), and paper by Carolyn Patras, 1996. Born 1919; lived Corbin, Kentucky; Berkeley, California. She talks about her early childhood growing up on a small farm outside town. She describes the difficulties of living during the Great Depression and her brother losing his hearing because of meningitis. Thelma received her teaching degree from Washington College, moved to California, and worked as teacher for deaf in Berkeley and San Diego. She describes traveling all over U.S. with family. 

1 13

Administration. Memo from Dr. Armitage; March 10, 1997. 

1 14

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 2 Projects 1998 

Box Folder

Clark, Janell. Interview (2 microcassettes with consent form), and paper by Bryan Clark, 1998. Born 1933; lived Safford, Arizona; Coronado, California. She talks about how her parents immigrated to Arizona and were married in Tombstone. She was raised in a Mormon family and community, and she talks about her early childhood during the great Depression. Her family moved to Coronado, California as World War II broke out and she talks about how she and her family worked various jobs to help the war effort. Janell describes her school years in Coronado, California and how she married and raised her family; she also discusses the impact of husband's death. 

2 15

Dorman, Wilma. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Greg Scanlan, 1998. Born 1922; lived Wendell, Idaho; Richland, Washington. She talks about her early childhood on the family farm, school, and her chores around the house. She worked as beautician and in a candy factory. After marrying and having her first child, Wilma returned to school and became a nurse; she worked in Great Falls, Montana for twenty-seven years. She divorced, retired from nursing and settled in Richland, Washington, where she lived at the time of the interview. 

2 16

Jackson, Rhoda Ann. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Laura West, 1998. Born 1933; lived Los Angeles, California; Spokane, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Los Angeles in a family of ten children. Both of her parents had to work outside the home but her aunts lived next door. She talks about her memories of Japanese internment and her parents conflicting politics. Rhonda married young and worked outside the home until children were born. She moved to Spokane, Washington and traveled around the U.S. 

2 17

Johnson, Frances. Interview (audiocassette with consent form) and paper by Hosac Sharpe, 1998. Born 1929; lived Spokane, Washington; Benewah, Idaho; Pullman, Washington; She talks about how her families frequent moves and their financial struggles. She married her husband in 1949 and discusses married life and raising a child. Frances and her husband also moved frequently because of her husband's work. She was diagnosed with lung and breast cancer and survived. 

2 18

Milodragovich, Dara. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Janelle Milodragovich, 1998. Born 1922; lived Berane Montenegro, Yugoslavia; Butte, Montana. She talks about her childhood and early education in Yugoslavia. After obtaining her teaching certificate, Dara traveled to Italy for further education. She describes her experiences in Italy during the 1940s, and World War II. She met her husband in Italy, a GI serving in the Army, and married him in 1945. She describes coming to America and moving to Butte, Montana. She talks about Serbian communities and fitting in with her husband's family. Her family moved around the west because of husband's job with the Forest Service, but she became involved with Forest Service Ladies Club. 

2 19

Morgan, Betty Ann. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Kyle Stannert, 1998. Born 1920; lived Mt. Vernon, Washington; Anacortes, Washington. She talks about her father developing a golf course and working in the family business. She discusses her experiences during the Great Depression and her stay with her aunt in Long Beach, California where she attended community college and obtained a teaching degree. She married during World War II, continued teaching until her first child was born, then ran the family restaurant. 

2 20

Morris, Helen. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Nel Waldron, 1998. Born 1910; lived Waitsburg, Washington; Walla Walla, Washington. She talks about her early childhood and daily life on a cattle ranch in rural Washington. She describes her experiences during the Great Depression and her difficulty, as a woman, to find employment. She attended Washington State College for a year, plus a year at Kinman Business College. She met her husband while working for Walla Walla Grain growers and raised two children. 

2 21

Smith, Janice. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Jennifer Hymer, 1998. Born 1928; lived Oakland, California. She talks about her early childhood during the Great Depression. She describes her life in a Catholic household and the impact of Pearl Harbor on the community around her. After graduating high school, Janice attended the University of California, Berkeley but left early when her mother died. She discusses her three marriages and raising her five children. While her children were young, Janice became a certified nurse's aid and worked in convalescence hospitals. She describes being a young mother during the "hippie" era in northern California, and her struggle with alcohol addiction. 

2 22

Smith, Marie. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Melissa C. Smith, 1998. Born 1924; lived Fallsville, Arkansas; Longview, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Arkansas, being raised on farm, and their family owned grocery store. Her family moved to western Washington as a result of the Great Depression. She describes growing up on a farm, household chores, and things her family did to compensate for the lack of money. She discusses her marriage and role of women during World War II. 

2 23

Smith, Marjorie. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Lea Ann Perrins, 1998. Born 1922; Oakesdale, Washington; Tekoa, Washington. She talks about her early childhood on farm and her school years in Rosalia, Washington. She talks about the hardships her neighbors suffered during the Great Depression and how she attended Eastern Washington College to finish her education. She worked at Fairchild Air Force base during World War II, married in 1947, had three children, and settled on a farm in Tekoa, Washington. 

3 24

Szablya, Helen. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Sonja Luehrmann, 1998. Born 1934; lived Budapest, Hungary; British Columbia, Canada; Pullman, Washington. She talks about her early childhood, enduring both the German and Soviet occupations, her father's escape to Canada, and the political and social issues of Hungary. She describes the various ways she and her family avoided deportation and her experiences during the Hungarian Revolution. She, her husband, and three children escaped to Austria, and then to Canada, where she received her business degree at the University of British Columbia. Helen, her husband, and five children moved to Pullman, Washington when her husband received job at Washington State University. She spends her time educating Americans about struggles of communism and owned a financial consulting company with her husband. 

3 25

Wise, Nioma. Paper by Amy Davies, 1998. Born 1921; lived Wenatchee, Washington. The paper describes Nioma's childhood growing up in logging camps, or "company towns," her education, and experiences during the great Depression. She married twice; her first husband, and Air Corpsman, was killed in World War II just before the birth of their first child. She married a second time and raised family of five children, and then was widowed again. 

3 26

Davies, Mary. Paper by Amy Davies, 1998. Born 1922; lived Centralia, Washington; Olympia, Washington. The paper describes Mary's early childhood house and living near her large family. Mary says her family split up after her grandmother's death and her parent's divorce. She attended the University of Washington and describes how she attended classes, worked, and met her husband. In 1942, soon after they were married, her husband went to Naval Academy to study Japanese. She talks about raising her three children and her active life in Olympia, Washington community with husband. 

3 26

Wright, Myra. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Angie Wright, 1998. Born 1930; lived Manchester, England; Seattle, Washington. She talks about her youth in England, her marriage, and the birth of her four sons. Her family moved to Seattle when her husband received job at Boeing in 1968. In response to her homesickness, she formed a British Club to help other English immigrants coming to Washington. She compares U.S. and English culture; became U.S. citizen in 1980, and travels with her husband. 

3 27

Wyant, Louise. Interview (2 audiocassettes with consent form), and paper by Michelle Kaeser, 1998. Born 1923; lived Bukota, Washington; Centralia, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Centralia, Washington. She married, then moved a lot because of her husband's career with the military. She discusses her life as military wife in Germany during World War II, and raising her four children. They retired in Centralia, Washington. 

3 28

Administration. Memo from Dr. Armitage; June 17, 1998. 

3 29

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 3 Projects 2001 

Box Folder

Bender, Lillian. Paper, summary of VHS tape, and consent form (without tape) by Charity Torrey, 2001. Born 1924; lived Omaha, Nebraska; Salt Lake City, Utah. She talks about her early childhood in a family with 22 children. She was raised primarily in California but lived in many places in the West. She worked as a nurse’s aide and raised eight children; she discusses the expected roles for women during early to mid 20th century. 

3 30

Bolton, Anna Mae. Interview (microcassette with consent form) and paper by Tanya Poier, 2001. Born 1922; lived Lewiston, California; Bellingham, Washington. She talks about her early childhood and working hard alongside her family. She finished high school and, on her 21st birthday, joined the Army (Women’s Army Corps) in motor transport. She describes her experiences in the army during World War II. After the war, she married, had a son, and moved to Bellingham, Washington. She worked at Georgia Pacific, a pulp and paper mill, until she retired at the age of 61. 

3 31

Cunnington, Dolores. Paper, emailed interviews, and consent form by Robin Lambert, 2001. Born 1926; lived Walla Walla, Washington; Olympia, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Walla Walla, Washington and being a part of a large family. She describes her experiences of World War II and discrimination against Germans, Italians, and African Americans. There are copies of V-mail she received, as well as images of ration books and war bonds and stamps. She married and moved to Olympia, Washington, where she and her husband raised four children and worked in bookkeeping. 

3 32

Fulk, Esther. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Hillary Sterrenburg, 2001. Born 1917; lived Laurel, Montana; Granger, Washington. She discusses being born on the Flathead Indian Reservation in Montana and her early childhood raised in Washington on a farm. She married an Army man and chose not to go to nursing school. She describes her experiences during the great Depression and the effects of World War II. Eventually, Esther and her family settled in Granger, Washington and she worked as a beautician. 

3 33

Hazzard, Eileen. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Shelley Carson, 2001. Born 1920; lived Seattle, Washington. Eileen talks about her early childhood, being raised by a single working mother, and describes the city of Seattle as it changed over time. She graduated from the University of Washington and then worked in the Navy Office during World War II. She married in 1946 and raised her family in Seattle. 

3 34

Hilliard, Imogene. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Jennifer Renee Olson, 2001. Lived Lamont, Washington; Vancouver, Washington; Yakima, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Vancouver, Washington, playing with her sisters, and the daily chores in her house. She attended Washington State College, where she met her husband, but did not graduate. Her husband served in the Navy during World War II, and then they began their family. She moved to Yakima, Washington and her husband joined his father's paint business and built their first house. She describes the numerous changes in Yakima over the years. 

3 35

Howard, Mary L. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Tristin Strohmeyer, 2001. Born 1928, lived Phoenix, Arizona; Spokane, Washington; Lewiston, Idaho. She talks about being raised on a citrus farm and working with her father. She describes the racial and class segregation she saw in Phoenix, particularly within the schools. She quit high school, went to business college, then began working at a telephone company. She talks about working as a woman in Spokane, Washington during World War II. She discusses her marriages and raising five children. 

4 36

Kinsman, Tillie M. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Kirsten Iverson, 2001. Born 1919; lived Napoleon, North Dakota; Seattle, Washington. She describes her early childhood and experiences coming from a Russian family. Legally blind since infancy, Tillie talks about her experiences doing chores on the family farm and attending school. She moved to Seattle, Washington after high school, to be with her sister, and found a job as a maid. She married, and they raised six children on a small farm in Issaquah, Washington. She discusses the role of women in the West. 

4 37

Palmer, Mildred. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Callie Palmer,2001. Born 1907; lived Spring Valley, Washington. She talks about the history of her family's migration to Washington and her early childhood. When she was in high school, her only sister died of polio. After graduating, she attended Cheney Normal School, then graduated Washington State College, and became a teacher. She married after graduating college and, after her husband's suicide, raised three children on her own. 

4 38

Rusch, Lois. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Melissa Rusch, 2001. Born 1935; lived Bellingham, Washington. She talks about her early childhood, working on the family farm, and the changes World War II brought her community. She describes the tragic accident that took the lives of both her father and brother, and talks about the hardships that followed; she tells how she and her mother tried to survive after their deaths. She met her future husband in high school and, after he returned from the Korean War, they raised three children on a small farm near Renton, Washington. 

4 39

Saenz, Julia. Paper by Mario C. Compean, 2001. Lived, Mercedes, Texas; Crewport, Washington; Granger, Washington. This paper is primarily a transcribed interview with Saenz, who moved to Crewport Camp, Washington as a migrant worker from the Southwest. Her father was from Mexico and her mother from Texas; they worked picking the fields in the southwest until her family moved. She describes life in Crewport as a migrant worker. Eventually, her family settled in Granger, Washington. 

4 40

Salisbury, Esther. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Natalie Berg, 2001. Born 1915; lived Caldwell, Idaho; Lewiston, Idaho; Pullman, Washington. She describes her early childhood, her chores, and everyday life on a farm. After high school, she moved to Pullman, Washington and worked for the Audio-Visual Center at WSU. She discussed World War II efforts at WSU and her experiences traveling. She never married. 

4 41

Schiffner, Erma Francis. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Carli Crozier Schiffner, 2001. Born 1921; lived, Colfax; Washington; Walla Walla, Washington; Seattle, Washington. She grew up on family farm in Colfax, Washington. She describes her early childhood and discusses her relationship with her parents, and the struggles her family endured. She moved to Walla Walla, Washington and started nursing school, but moved back to Colfax, Washington because her husband was away serving in World War II. After he returned, they moved to Seattle and had another son. She describes the many difficulties within her marriage and her husband's alcoholism. 

4 42

Schmidt, Wilma. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Katie M. Cutter, 2001. Born 1928; lived Odessa, Washington. She was the first generation born in the U.S. from Russian-German immigrant parents and lived on family farm in Odessa, Washington. She describes her love of music and her childhood on the farm. She married after high school, lived in town for a few years, then moved back to her family farm when her parents retired. 

4 43

Seidita, MaryAnn. Paper by Morgana Seidita, 2001. Born 1923; lived Butte, Montana. The first generation born in the U.S., her mother came from Hungary on the Titanic and her father was from Yugoslavia. She describes her early childhood in Butte, Montana and living in an immigrant community. She moved between Butte and California until she met her husband, who tragically died of cancer soon after they were married. On a trip in California she met the father of her son, but they never married. A single mother, she moved back to the Meaderville, Montana and finally settled in Butte. 

4 44

Wagoner, Iris. Interview (2 audiocassettes (the tapes are blank) with consent form), summary, and paper by Shayna Wagoner, 2001. Born 1921; lived Wildrose, North Dakota; Polson, Montana; Seattle, Washington. She talks about her early childhood, moving from North Dakota, and growing up on a farm in Montana. After her father died, her family moved to Seattle, where worked in a bank. She married and settled on a farm in Touchet, Montana. 

4 45

Williams, Pearl. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Sarah Rodgers, 2001. Born 1905; lived Mayville, North Dakota; Potlatch, Idaho; Moscow, Idaho. She talks about her early childhood and her life in Potlatch, Idaho. After graduating high school, Pearl went to work for the local phone company. She married and they remained there until their children left for college. Then, she and her husband moved to Moscow, Idaho to make it easier for her children to attend school. After they graduated, she worked at the University of Idaho until she retired. 

5 46

Wilson, Edith. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Dawn McLellan, 2001. Born 1922; lived Spokane, Washington; Seattle, Washington. She talks about her parents and her early childhood in Spokane, Washington. As a child, she was struck by Scarlet fever and she recalls her time in a quarantine house. She married after a long courtship and raised a family. They moved to Seattle , Washington when her husband was hired at Boeing, where she was also able to work until she retired. She talks about volunteering and traveling. 

5 47

Wilson, Joyce. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Erin Moller, 2001. Born 1935; lived Oklahoma; Winston, Oregon; Washougal, Washington. She talks about her early childhood on the farm in Oklahoma. She describes her family's move to Winston, Oregon and settling into a new area. She married young, raised four children, and moved a lot because of her husband's hope for a better job. They settled in Washougal, Washington and were she eventually divorced. She worked at a wool mill to support herself. She remarried twice more, and stayed with her third husband. 

5 48

Administration. Memo from Dr. Armitage, 2/27/2002 

5 49

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 4 Projects 2003 

Box Folder

Bengeult, Janice. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Jenny Bengeult,2003. Born, 1919; lived Huxley, Nebraska; Salem, Oregon; Seattle, Washington. She grew up on a farm in Nebraska and talks about her experiences during the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl. After high school, she became a teacher but moved to Oregon looking for a higher paying job. While in Oregon, she joined SPARS, the Women’s Coast Guard and served during World War II. She met a man during her time in the Coast Guard, married, and settled in Seattle, Washington. They raised three children. 

5 50

Cook, Beverly. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Jenny Heline, 2003. Born1920; lived Colfax, Washington; Spokane, Washington; Pullman, Washington. She talks about her early childhood on a chicken farm near Colfax, Washington. After high school, she received a business degree in Spokane, Washington, then moved to Pullman, Washington to take more classes. She was married the night before the attack on Pearl Harbor and she describes her honeymoon and moving to San Diego, California after her husband enlisted. She raised three children, divorced her first husband, and then remarried. She talks about her children's accomplishments. 

5 51

Cooper, Janet. Interview (very poor quality audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Carrie Anne Curtis, 2003. Born, 1934; lived Lole, Washington; Kendal, Washington. She was raised in Mt. Baker area of Washington and talks about her early childhood growing up in the logging town of Kendal, Washington. She attended Mt. Baker High School and talks about her experiences with children from the local Nooksack tribe. After high school, she worked in a paper mill, married, and moved back to the family farm with her husband. Although they had no children of their own, they adopted a child. She describes the changes she has witnessed in her community over the years. 

5 52

Darling, Marcy. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Maja Albee, 2003. Born 1916; lived Akron, Colorado; Omak, Washington; Bremerton, Washington. Her family moved around the U.S. frequently until she was six, when they settled in Princeton, Missouri. She describes her school years and motivation as a student. After high school, she went to college and received a degree in Home Economics. She taught school in Missouri, but eventually followed her family to Washington. She obtained a job as an extension agent for Washington State University, married, and raised a family. 

5 53

Dietrich, Arnell. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Eryn Darlington, 2003. Born 1925; lived Pasco, Washington; Cheney, Washington; Spokane, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Cheney, Washington and the death of her brother. She attended trade school and worked for Western Union during World War II. She married and raised family, and moved to Pullman, Washington. 

5 54

Granlund, Betty. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Jennifer Granlund, 2003. Born 1927; lived Dallas, Oregon; Tacoma, Washington. She describes her early childhood in Dallas, Oregon and her family's move to Tacoma, Washington. She talks about the importance of family and her transition from Oregon to Washington. After high school, she went to college at Puget Sound where she met and married her future husband. They raised family and settled in the Tacoma area. 

5 55

Hatley, Betty. Interview (microcassette with consent form) and paper by Neil Seifried,2003. Born1934; lived Pullman, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Pullman, Washington and her experiences of World War II as a child. She describes the changes in the Pullman community and her high school years. She talks about her marriage and the gender roles of her household. She also discusses the role of women in her generation. 

5 56

Hendrickson, Eva Mae. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Barbara L. Aasen, 2003. Born 1925; lived Moscow, Idaho. As an only child, she talks about her early life, raised on a farm near Moscow, Idaho. She went to University of Idaho, married and raised her family on a farm near Moscow, Idaho. She worked outside the home while raising her children. 

5 57

Hurlburt, Shirley. Paper by Jennifer Young, 2003. (There is a summary and consent form, however an audiocassette in not present.) Born 1934; lived Dubuque, Iowa; Spokane, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Dubuque, Iowa. After high school, she moved to Spokane, Washington and went to beauty school. She married and moved around country because of husband’s military career. She and her husband divorced after thirty-eight years of marriage. 

6 58

Irish, Joanne. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, photo, and paper by Kelly Brown, 2003. Born 1932; lived Omaha, Nebraska; Spokane, Washington. Her family moved to the west when she was two and she describes her early childhood growing up as an only child in Spokane, Washington. She discusses her experiences during World War II and talks about rationing and the difficulties the community endured. She attended Washington State College after high school and pledged Alpha Chi Omega sorority. After graduation, she describes going on a trip, with her parents, to the east coast; she talks about her first flight in an airplane, and being aware of racial diversity and segregation for the first time. She married and raised five children. She divorced and went back into work force to support her children. 

6 59

Lanning, Carol. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Kortney Jamtaas, 2003. Born 1929; lived Rice Lake, Wisconsin; Needles, California; Pacific Palisades, California. She tells the story of her adoption and her early childhood in California. After high school, she attended Washington State College, married her first husband and had three children. She divorced and moved back to California, working odd jobs to support her children. She eventually remarried a close family friend and works for Charlton Heston. 

6 60

Masterson, Martha Gay and Mary Warner. Paper by Kymberly Fyfe, 2003. Stories of the two women, Martha Masterson and Mary Warner, who traveled the Oregon Trail in 1850s and 1860s. The paper compares and contrast of their life experiences. 

6 61

McDunn, Doris. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Renata D. Judd, 2003. Born 1934; lived Great Falls, Montana. She talks about her early childhood and experiences being raised on a farm near Loma, Montana. She describes life as a child during the World War II era and her rural education. She married a boy she met in school and they also raised children on their farm. She describes her life in rural Montana. 

6 62

Osler, Gloria Kline. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Melissa Brandon, 2003. Born 1926; lived Fortine, Montana. She describes her early childhood in northwestern Montana and her rural education. She talks about her parent's divorce and being the first woman to have a driver's license in the area. She moved to Seattle, Washington after high school for a short time during World War II, but moved back to Montana and married a World War II veteran. They raised five children together. 

6 63

Overton, Janice. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by AnnaMarie Montgomery, 2003. Born 1920s; lived Janesville, Wisconsin; Pullman, Washington. She describes her early childhood in the small town where her father grew up. She graduated high school and attended the University of Wisconsin. She worked various jobs, and was married at 21. She had three children and moved to various places around the U.S., but later divorced and raised her three children. She eventually settled in Pullman, Washington and is very active within the community. 

6 64

Owens-Adair, Bethenia. Paper by Renee Mizar, 2003. Paper describes the early childhood, school-years, and adult life of Oregon’s first female physician. 

6 65

Parks, Grace. Interview (2 audiocassettes with consent form), summary, and paper by Mica Hanson, 2003. Born 1926; lived Irby, Washington She talks about her early childhood and being raised on a farm in Irby, Washington. She discusses the rural area and life in a small community. After high school, she attended Washington State College in Pullman, Washington and received her degree in Home Economics and a teaching certificate. She married, had children, and was a teacher. She remains active in the school and her community. 

6 66

Roorda, Grace. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Stephanie Roorda, 2003. Born 1920s; lived Holland; Lynden, Washington. She talks about her early childhood on a farm in Holland during World War II. She talks about her community and growing up during the war. She married a friend of her brother's and moved to America, and the Dutch community of Lynden, Washington. She describes her new life in America. 

6 67

Rousu, Vivian. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Anna Hewitt, 2003. Born 1917; lived Starbuck, Minnesota; Monroe, Washington. She talks about her early childhood and being raised on farm in Minnesota. She moved to Monroe, Washington with father and siblings after the death of her mother. After high school, she worked in a hospital until she married. She began working at Safeway in 1941, managed it during World War II, and worked there for over thirty years. Her first husband died of diabetes, but she remarried two years later. She describes their travels and her community activities. 

6 68

Sampson, Gail. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Vanessa Brown, 2003. Born 1917; lived Genesee, Idaho; Pullman, Washington. She talks about her early childhood and her illness as a teenager. She describes her experiences during the Great Depression and its effects on her family. After graduating, Gail moved to Pullman, Washington and worked various jobs. She received her bachelor’s in Humanities and a master’s degree in Psychology from Washington State University. She never married but has worked in several area schools and continues to be active in her community. 

6 69

Sarai-Clark, Wilhelmina. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Don Jackson, 2003. Born unknown; lived Tuskegee, Alabama; Pullman, Washington. The daughter of an academic, she was Lakota Indian but her parents concealed their identities because of the social climate. As a child, her family traveled around the world and she describes her experiences with racism and discrimination. She moved to Pullman, Washington in 1960 because her husband took a job as a Spanish Professor at Washington State University. She says that she was the first woman of color hired as a full professor, at WSU. She talks about becoming head of the dance department and the places she has traveled as an adult. she retired from WSU and became a pastor. 

7 70

Stalick, Norma. Interview (2 audiocassettes with consent form), summary, and paper by Erica Kruschek,2003. Born 1925; lived Oklahoma; Oregon City, Oregon. She talks about being raised on a farm in Oklahoma, but due to the Dust Bowl her family moved to Oregon City, Oregon when she was fifteen. She was not able to finish high school because she had to work. She talks about being trained as a welder during World War II, getting married, and raising her children. She settled in Portland, Oregon. 

7 71

Whitman, Narcissa and Eliza Spalding. Paper by Stacia Gunderson, 2003. Research paper about the lives and work as missionaries in the Northwest. 

7 72

Transparencies. 

7 73

Transparency copies. 

7 74

Administration. Memo from Dr. Armitage; June 11, 2003 

7 75

Return to Table of Contents »


 5 Projects 2005 

Box Folder

Bennett, Francene. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Katie Carrothers, 2005. Born 1926; lived Walla Walla, Washington; Spokane, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Walla Walla, Washington during Depression and World War II. She worked in a cannery during World War II. She received her teaching degree from Eastern Washington College and was married in 1948. She and her husband raised their two children and settled in Spokane, Washington. 

7 76

Brown, Charleen. Interview (CD with consent form), summary, and paper by Stephanie Spurgetis, 2005. Born 1917; lived Kansas; Colorado; California; Alaska; Idaho; Spokane, Washington. She talks about her early childhood on a farm in northern Kansas during the Depression and the Dust Bowl. Her mother died when she was young, so she was raised by her father and took care of the household responsibilities. After high school, she attended business school in Topeka, Kansas, then moved to Denver, Colorado, where she married and had two children. The young family moved frequently, then built a home in Alaska. She and her first husband divorced, she remarried, then was widowed. After her second husband's death, she settled in Spokane, Washington. 

7 77

Buche, Janet. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Jason Buche, 2005. Born 1945; lived Chewelah, Washington; Springdale, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Springdale, Washington, being raised in a large family. After high school, she married and raised four children. After the birth of her first child, she received a cosmetology degree and opened a beauty shop that she still runs. She remains active in her community and also works as bookkeeper for her husband’s logging company. 

7 78

Cordova, Dorothy. Interview (2 audiocassettes with consent form), summary, and paper by Marcial Cordova-Sanchez, 2005. Born 1932; lived Seattle, Washington. She is a first generation American from the Philippines and grew up in Seattle, Washington. She attended Catholic schools as a child and graduated from Seattle University in 1953. She married and raised six children, started a Filipino Youth Activities (FYA), and worked at Seattle University. She is very active in the Asian community; she worked for the Demonstration Project for Asian Americans (DPAA) in Seattle, was awarded an honorary doctorate, and sat on Seattle University's Board of Regents. 

7 79

Cosgrif, Peg. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Michelle Fotopoulos, 2005. Born 1923; lived Montana. She talks about growing up on a ranch in western Montana. After high school, she received a home economics degree from Montana State University, where she met and married her husband. They raised two children, then moved and settled in Pullman, Washington. 

7 80

Crabtree, Elizabeth. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Marja Larsen, 2005. Born 1914; lived Eglon, Washington; Poulsbo, Washington. She talks about growing up on farms in western Washington. After high school, she married and raised a child and is active in her community. 

7 81

Crowe, Catherine. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Mary Cookson, 2005. Born 1920; lived Elberton, Washington; Oakesdale, Washington. She talks about her childhood growing up on a farm as a member of a large family. She describes her experiences during the Depression and the benefits of growing their own food. After high school, she married and adopted a son. Her family eventually settled in Oakesdale, Washington. 

7 82

Durrant, Sue. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Matt Tait and Molly Bull, 2005. Born 1937; lived Salt Lake City, Utah; Pullman, Washington. She describes her early childhood and her athletic family; her parents were active, well-educated, and both worked. After high school, she attended the University of Utah; then, with her B.A. in Physical Education. she went to Washington State University for graduate school and was hired for a job in in the Physical Education department. She has been active in the promotion of equality in sports (Title IX) at Washington State as well as a successful coach. 

8 83

Engh, Mary Jane. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Talia Vick, 2005. Born 1933; lived McLeansboro, Illinois; Pullman, Washington. She talks about her early childhood growing up on a chicken farm. She completed her bachelor’s degree at the University of Chicago, and her master’s degree at the University of Illinois. She married and divorced twice, while raising two sons. She worked as librarian at Oklahoma State University and published her first novel in 1976. She moved to Pullman, Washington to work as a librarian, but received a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts and was able to write full time. She continues to write and live in Pullman, Washington. 

8 84

Epperson-Kaeding, Virginia. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Elizabeth Kaeding, 2005. Born 1939; hometowns not given. She describes her early childhood growing up on a farm. Her family was poor, and two of her siblings had cerebral palsy. She became pregnant and was married at sixteen; she and her husband raised five children. 

8 85

Fisher, Rose. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Ryann Dunning, 2005. Born 1926; lived Dunlap, Iowa; Idaho Falls, Idaho; Tacoma, Washington. She describes her early childhood and growing up on a farm and being the youngest of nine children. Her family moved to Idaho Falls, Idaho to farm during the Great Depression. She describes the impact of World War II on family and talks about the family move to Utah during World War II in order to work on a military base. She eloped with an army trumpet player, and after they were married she had a daughter and the family moved to Tacoma, Washington. 

8 86

Flaherty, Peggy. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Cherri Wemlinger, 2005. Born 1940; lived Fort Morgan, Colorado; Pullman, Washington. She describes growing up in a small town in Colorado, her family's role in the church, and the importance of her father after the death of her mother. After high school, she married and raised two sons. She worked several jobs to help with the family finances. They moved to Pullman, Washington for her husband's education. She and her first husband divorced after twenty years, but she remarried and is active in the Pullman community. 

8 87

Gump, Donna. Paper by Morgan LaSala, 2005. Born 1933; lived Portland, Oregon. She talks about growing up on farm in Oregon and describes her early childhood. She went to college and met her husband through letter writing. They raised two children and eventually settled in Portland. 

8 88

Harless, Jeane. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Melissa J. Neff, 2005. Born 1937; lived Everett, Washington; Marysville, Washington. She talks about growing up on a farm near Everett, Washington and discusses the differences between living on a farm and the city. After high school, she married and raised two children. To supplement her family's income, she worked outside the home. 

8 89

Herrett, Thursa. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Lindsey Hanan, 2005. Born 1932; lived Texas; Idaho; Pullman, Washington. She talks about her early childhood, being raised by grandparents, and her parents' divorce. She moved to Idaho with her grand parents and, after high school, attended the University of Idaho. After her freshman year in college, she married, traveled around the world with her husband's Air Force career, and raised four daughters. She went back to school when children were older and became a teacher for ESL students. She eventually settled in Pullman, Washington. 

8 90

Hill, Betty. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Melissa Kelley, 2005. Born 1923; lived Spokane, Washington; Pullman, Washington. She talks about her early childhood in Spokane, Washington. After high school, she attended Cornish College in Seattle for two years, then enrolled in a dental training program in San Francisco, California. She moved to Pullman, Washington to work for dentist she knew, until she married. She and her husband raised two children and she discusses her family life over the years. 

8 91

Holeman, Erna Margaret. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Julie Mullen, 2005. Born 1926; lived Germany; Pullman, Washington. She describes her early childhood growing up on a farm in Germany. She discusses her life in a small town and social expectations for women's education in her community. She was nineteen at the beginning of World War II and she describes the impact it had on her village. She was divorced with two children when she met, then married an American soldier. They moved to the U.S. and traveled around due to husband’s military career. She discusses the differences between Germany and the U.S. 

8 92

Jacobson, Golden. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Rachel Dedrickson, 2005. Born 1928; lived Chicago, Illinois; Seattle, Washington; Bellevue, Washington. She describes her early childhood growing up in Chicago, Illinois. After high school, she attended the University of Chicago until she met her future husband. They married and raised four daughters. The family moved to Seattle, Washington when her husband received a job at Boeing. Eventually, they settled in Bellevue, Washington, where she continues to volunteer in her community. 

8 93

Jesch, Betty May. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Terra Clarke, 2005. Born 1933; lived Berkeley, California; Bremerton, Washington. She talks about her early childhood and her parents. They were both well educated and worked. Her father was in the Navy, so the moved frequently during her childhood. She attended Lewis and Clark College, then transferred to Washington College, where she received her BA in Physics. Betty May married and raised five children. During that time, she worked as a research engineer at Boeing, where they accommodated her family. She divorced after their children were out of the house, but later remarried. She was the first female instructor at the Bremerton Shipyard. 

9 94

Jones, Barbara. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Nicole Schoenle, 2005. Born 1937; lived California; Alaska; Seattle, Washington; Des Moines, Washington. She describes her early childhood and growing up in California. At 19, she moved to Alaska and worked. She married and moved to Seattle, Washington, where she worked for Boeing until she retired. She travels and volunteers in her community. 

9 95

Knodel, Rubye. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Josh Knodel, 2005. Born 1929; lived Glen Ullin, North Dakota; Powell, Wyoming; Lind, Washington; Sequim, Washington. She describes her early childhood growing up on farm. After high school, she received her teaching certificate from a two-year program in Jamestown, North Dakota, then obtained a teaching job in Powel, Wyoming. Her relatives set her up with her future husband, they corresponded between Washington in Wyoming, until they married and moved to a farm in Lind, Washington. She became a certified teacher in Washington and began a career in Lind. She retired and she and her husband moved to Sequim, Washington. 

9 96

Lewis, Vernie. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Jordan Mundinger, 2005. Born ca. 1944; lived, Minnesota; Pullman, Washington. Her family moved to Pullman, Washington when she was two and she describes growing up in the area. She attended Washington State College, then married and raised children. She and her husband both worked for Washington State University at various jobs, until he retired. 

9 97

Martin, Barbara. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, paper by Christine Martin; accompanied by a written autobiography by Barbara Martin, 2005. Born 1930; lived Albion, Idaho; Falls City, Idaho; Richmond, Oregon. She grew up on farm in Idaho and received teaching degree, like her mother. She married and raised her children while teaching. They eventually settled on a small farm in Oregon, where she retired and is an avid writer. 

9 98

Olson, Elda. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Julie M. Olson, 2005. Born 1918; lived Hartford, South Dakota; Sioux Falls, South Dakota; Vancouver, Washington; Mt. Hope, Washington. She describes her early childhood and growing up on a farm. After high school, she attended Nettleton Commercial College for executive secretarial training and lived in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. She moved to Vancouver, Washington with her sister-in-law because her brother was stationed in Japan during WWII; there she met and married her husband. They lived on farm near Mt. Hope, Washington and raised two children. Elda worked outside the home while raising her children and remains active in her community and travels. 

9 99

Pittam, Sharon. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Scheree Kosloski, 2005. Born 1940; lived Rock Springs, Wyoming; Salt Lake City, Utah. She talks about her early childhood and explains that her parents divorced and she lived with her mother in Wyoming. She married and started a family right after high school. They moved to Salt Lake City, Utah for her husband's career. Once there, she went attended the University of Utah and received a degree in English. She became a teacher and counselor. 

9 100

Richardson, Marilyn. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Benjamin J. Darling, 2005. Born 1926; lived San Francisco, California; Rohnert Park, California. She moved frequently during childhood and worked after high school. She married and raised six children. Due to her husband's military career, the moved frequently, but eventually settled in Rohnert Park, California. 

9 101

Sharp, June. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Julie Saez, 2005. Born 1935; lived Palouse, Washington; Oakesdale, Washington. She describes growing up in rural, eastern Washington. June married during her senior year in high school. She raised three children and worked outside the home. Her family settled in Oakesdale, Washington. 

9 102

Shimizu, Toshiko. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Christine Jang, 2005. Born 1928; lived Seattle, Washington; Bellevue, Washington. She describes her early childhood and growing up in Seattle, Washington. She is of Japanese-American heritage and discusses the effects of World War II and internment on her family. They went to a camp in Idaho, but eventually moved back to Seattle and worked. She married a high school friend and raised four children. Included in this folder are copies of the Toshiko's Camp as well as a Souvenir Newsletter from the camp. 

9 103

Small, Sally. Interview (very poor quality audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Katie Hester, 2005. Born 1938; lived Grangeville, Idaho; Pullman, Washington. She talks about her early childhood growing up on a farm in Idaho. She discusses local prejudices between Protestant and Catholics, but does not remember any person of color in her community. After high school, she attended Idaho State College, but met her future husband and quit school. Once married, they moved around Washington looking for work; they eventually settled in Pullman, Washington and both worked for Washington State University until they retired. She also discusses the impact of the Civil Rights movement and Vietnam War on her community. 

10 104

Spitzer, Alice. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Ross Brewer, 2005. Born 1942; lived Tacoma, Washington; Pullman, Washington. She describes her parent's background and her rural upbringing on a farm in the Puyallup Valley. She talks about how her family moved into the town of Tacoma, Washington when she was twelve. After high school, she attended Washington State University and received a degree in foreign languages. After college, she married and joined Peace Corps. Later, she talks about her divorce and second marriage. 

10 105

Trantow, Ann. Interview (microcassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Jessica Knutson, 2005. Born 1928; lived Willapa Bay, Washington; Pullman, Washington; Portland, Oregon; Quincy, Washington. She describes her early childhood growing up on Washington's Pacific Coast on a farm. After high school, she attended Washington State College and pledged the Delta Gamma sorority; she then transferred to Lewis and Clark College, in Portland, Oregon, to finish a degree in Child Education. She married and started a family, but was widowed. She later remarried and settled in Quincy, Washington where she was active in her community. 

10 106

Waldburger, Jean. Interview (CD with consent form), summary, and paper by Sally Waldburger, 2005. Born 1927; lived Seattle, Washington; California. She talks about her early childhood and growing up, primarily in Seattle, Washington. After high school she married her high school sweetheart and attended University of Washington. They three raised children, moving frequently due to her husband’s job. She worked outside the home once her youngest reached fourth grade. The family eventually settled in California. 

10 107

Washburn, Joanne. Interviews (audiocassettes) and papers by Amanda Hamilton and Colleen Baker, 2005. Born 1937; lived Vermont; Pullman, Washington. She talks about growing up in rural Vermont and participating in sports throughout childhood and early adult life. She received both her undergraduate and graduate degrees in Physical Education and was hired by Washington State University in 1965. She became the Director of Women’s Athletics prior to a merger in 1982 and was involved with the Title IX lawsuit in 1980s. She also talks about creating the Washington State University Sports Management Program. 

10 108

Wolfe, Sharon. Interview (audiocassette with consent form), summary, and paper by Bennett Bursick, 2005. Born 1943; lived Lummi Indian Reservation. She describes her experiences growing up with American Indian heritage She was raised by a foster family and received her education on the reservation. After graduating, she attended and graduated from Western Washington University's secretarial school. She worked various jobs, primarily for her tribe, and is a tribal Outreach Coordinator for the Lummi, Nooksack, and Swinomish tribes. 

10 109

Administration. Memo from Dr. Armitage. 

10 110

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 6 Interview Summaries 2005 

Box Folder

Alexenko, Katie 

10 111

Anderson, Enga 

10 111

Anderson, Lucile 

10 111

Austin, Helen 

10 111

Beckwith, Evelynn 

10 111

Bengeult, Janice 

10 111

Bofus, Bessie 

10 111

Bolton, Anna 

10 111

Boulanger, Florence 

10 111

Bowerman, Mary 

10 111

Campbell, Louis 

10 111

Chamberlin, Geraldine 

10 111

Chandler, Lola 

10 111

Chausee, Helen D. 

10 111

Clark, Janell 

10 111

Clark, Wilhelmina Sarai 

10 111

Currie, Annabelle 

10 111

Darling, Marcy 

10 111

Davis, Mildred 

10 111

Dewy, Stella E. 

10 111

Dickinson, Lacetta Marie 

10 111

Dietrich, Arnell 

10 111

Doherty, Clara Lenora 

10 111

Dorma, Wilma 

10 111

Durand, Pauline 

10 111

Edwards-Emerson, Ann 

10 111

Ferris, Elizabeth 

10 111

Forehand-Metcalf, Ruth 

10 111

Friel, Catherine 

10 112

Fulk, Esthur 

10 112

Gabel, Dottie 

10 112

Gaiser, Marian 

10 112

Glunk, Ruth 

10 112

Gorden, Ellen 

10 112

Gowran, Mary 

10 112

Grimes, Dorothy 

10 112

Grove, Jean 

10 112

Grunland, Betty 

10 112

Hall, Elizabeth Rose 

10 112

Hargrave, Fortuna 

10 112

Hazzard, Villisca Eileen 

10 112

Hendrickson, Eva 

10 112

Hingston, Ellen 

10 112

Hinrichs-Manning, Betty 

10 112

Holland, Dolly 

10 112

Hood, Lucille 

10 112

Hopkins, Helen 

10 112

Hutchings, Pearl 

10 112

Hyde, Beverly 

10 112

Inchauspe, Grace 

10 112

Irish, Joanne 

10 112

Jackson, Rhoda 

10 112

Johnson, Frances 

10 112

Jones, Evelyn 

10 112

Jones, Marion 

10 112

Lanning, Carol 

10 112

Lash, Janice 

10 112

Leinweber, Elizabeth 

10 112

Locke, Mary 

10 112

Magnuson, Lucille 

10 112

Marshalle, Jane 

10 112

McCully, Wyona 

10 112

McDunn, Doris 

10 112

McKarcher, Lydia 

10 113

McNeil, Edna 

10 113

Middlebrusher-Boone, Fay 

10 113

Miller, Avis 

10 113

Milodragovich, Dara 

10 113

Morgan, Betty Ann 

10 113

Moris, Maebelle 

10 113

Morris, Helen 

10 113

Moyer, Esther 

10 113

Newton, Hazel 

10 113

Osler, Gloria 

10 113

Palmer, Mildred 

10 113

Patterson, Bertha 

10 113

Patterson, Edna 

10 113

Pedersen, Bernice 

10 113

Renfrew, Pearl 

10 113

Roorda, Grace 

10 113

Ross, Alla 

10 113

Rousu, Vivian 

10 113

Russell, Pearl 

10 113

Salisbury, Esther 

10 113

Sampson, Gail 

10 113

Schmidt, Wilma 

10 113

Seudy, Ruth 

10 113

Smith, Betty 

10 114

Smith, Blanche Marie 

10 114

Smith, Marjorie 

10 114

Spry, Mable 

10 114

Stalick, Norma 

10 114

Stirling, Kathryn 

10 114

Strait, Freda 

10 114

Swan, Leila 

10 114

Szablya, Helen 

10 114

Vanpool, Virginia 

10 114

Van Winkle, Cecilia 

10 114

Vogel, Bertha 

10 114

Waller, Abigail 

10 114

Warnick, Kathleen 

10 114

Westrom, Willimeana 

10 114

Williams, Pearl 

10 114

Wilson, Edith 

10 114

Wright, Myra 

10 114

Wyant, Louise 

10 114

Yoder, Wilma 

10 114

Young, Frances 

10 114

Zumhofe, Magdalena 

10 114

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