Guide to the Marion Billbrough Dreamer Papers 1904-1984
Cage 69

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Creator
Dreamer, Marion Billbrough
Title
Marion Billbrough Dreamer Papers
ID
Cage 69
Date [inclusive]
1904-1984
Extent
7.0 boxes
General Physical Description note
4 Linear Feet of Shelf Space
Language
English
Abstract
This collection contains correspondence, illustrated reminiscences, policewoman's journal, scrapbooks, photographs, and printed material concerning the teaching activities of Marion Billbrough Dreamer.

Preferred Citation note

[Item description] Marion Billbrough Dreamer Papers, 1904-1984 (Cage 69)

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Biographical/Historical note

Marion Billbrough Dreamer was born on September 12, 1896 in Michigan. Little is known about her childhood, but education was a hallmark in much of her adult life. In 1924 Dreamer was accepted into Washington State College; in the same year she accepted her first teaching position at Saint Xavier’s School in Montana. She taught in Montana until 1928 when her career path was temporarily diverted to law enforcement. Dreamer relocated to Detroit, Michigan in 1929 and became a patrol officer. Her primary responsibilities were to investigate cases and allegations regarding girls and young women. According to her diary, much of her time was devoted to investigating reports of "immoral living arrangements," prostitution, sexual assaults, incest, burlesque shows, and dance halls. Dreamer’s career as a police officer lasted less than a year, and she returned to her former profession as an educator.

Over the next thirteen years, between 1929 and 1942, Dreamer worked in Nebraska and South Dakota. In 1932, after being placed on a wait list for a civil service position, she accepted a teaching post as a day school teacher for the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). She taught at a number of different day schools on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. There she met George (Geo) Dreamer, her future husband. She struggled with lingering health problems, and in 1942 she resigned her post on the Pine Ridge Reservation. Shortly thereafter, in 1947, George Dreamer died after an attack of appendicitis.

At the age of 70, Dreamer enlisted with a national volunteer program, Volunteers in Service to America Project (VISTA). She served at various Job Corps sites in several states, including Montana, Idaho, Illinois, South Dakota, and Hawaii. As a VISTA volunteer, she worked as a librarian, mentor, and reading instructor. She was deeply connected to her VISTA work and created lifelong bonds with some of her Job Corps students. Her papers show that it was with deep personal regret that she retired as a VISTA volunteer in 1977. Marion B. Dreamer passed away October 2, 1992 in Dewitt, Michigan.

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Scope and Contents note

The collection covers a period from 1905 to 1984. The bulk of the material covers Dreamer’s work as a VISTA volunteer involved in the Job Corps during the 1960s and 1970s. Materials in this collection include photographs, scrapbooks, diaries, artwork, poetry, correspondence, and miscellaneous printed items. One item, the Dakota Territory newspaper Iapi Oaye, was transferred to the Historical Newspaper Collection.

A name and subject index has been created for portions of this collection, and is included below.

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Arrangement note

The collection is divided into four series:

Series 1: Correspondence and Diaries

Series 2: Printed Material

Series 3: Miscellaneous Items

Series 4: Photographic Materials, Scrapbooks, and Oversize

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 2016

http://www.libraries.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open and available for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Marion Dreamer donated her personal papers to the Washington State University Libraries between 1973 and 1984.

Processing Information note

This collection was processed in 2005 by Katrina Paxton.

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Dreamer, Marion Billbrough -- Archives.

Subject(s)

  • Indians of North America -- Education -- History -- Sources.
  • Native Americans
  • Policewomen -- Diaries.
  • Siouan Indians -- Education.
  • Women

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Index

Name(s)

  • Adams, Douglas:  5/40
  • Afraid of Hawk, Old Man:  5/41
  • Afraid of His Horse:  6/44, 5/41
  • Afraid of His Horse, Amos:  1/10, 5/41
  • Afraid of His Horse Community:  1/10
  • Anderson, Tommy:  5/40
  • Asbury, Mary:  5/40
  • Beards, Bertha:  5/40
  • Bear Saves Life, Alvina:  6/45
  • Bear Saves Life, May:  1/10
  • Bear Saves Life, Paul:  5/42, 6/45
  • Bell Rocks, Buster:  3/30
  • Belt, Jerry:  5/42
  • Bend, Cynthia:  5/40
  • Benn[s], Tom (Thomas):  5/40
  • Benzel, Fred:  5/40
  • Big Man, Edgar:  5/40
  • Big Man, Max:  3/30, 5/40
  • Big Man, Max Jr.:  5/40
  • Big Man, Myrtle:  5/40
  • Big Shoulder, Geneive:  5/40
  • Bill, Howard Wheeler:  5/41
  • Bird Horse:  5/40
  • Bird Woman:  5/40
  • Black Cat, David:  5/42
  • Black Deer, William:  1/10
  • Black Fox:  6/45
  • Black Fox, Mrs.:  6/45
  • Blummer, Paul:  5/40
  • Brings Him Back (Unnamed Infant):  5/42
  • Brings Yellow, John (Johnnie):  1/10, 5/41
  • Brings Yellow, Theodore (Theo):  5/41, 6/45
  • Caplet, Rosie:  5/40
  • Carrick (see also Carwick), Emerson:  1/10
  • Carter, Adrian:  5/40
  • Carwick (see also Carrick), Emerson:  1/10
  • Chase, William (Willie):  1/10
  • Chase Alone, Agnes:  5/42
  • Chase Alone, Margaret:  5/42
  • Chase Alone, Martin:  5/42
  • Chase Alone, Roland:  5/42
  • Chase Along, Roland:  5/42
  • Chase Along, Vina:  5/42
  • Chase In Winter, Willie:  5/42
  • Cheyenne, Jona:  1/10
  • Cheyenne, Mrs.:  1/10
  • Cheyenne, Zona:  6/45
  • Clark, Minnie:  5/40
  • Clifford, Louise:  5/40
  • Connor, Dorothy:  5/40
  • Connor, Jennie:  5/40
  • Costalla, Ivadale:  6/45
  • Crazy Horse Band:  5/42
  • Crow, Issac:  1/10
  • Crow, Nelson:  6/45
  • Crow, Russell:  1/10
  • Cummings, Pete:  1/10
  • Cuplit, Rosie:  5/40
  • Curly, George:  6/44
  • Cyrenius:  3/30
  • Daymond, Henry:  5/40
  • Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Amis:  5/40
  • Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Jack:  5/40
  • Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Jackie:  5/40
  • Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Kitty:  5/40
  • Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Ruby:  5/40
  • Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Stella:  5/40
  • Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Winfield:  5/40
  • Door, Mary:  5/40
  • Drake, Ira:  5/40
  • Dreamer, Aaron:  1/10, 1/2, 5/41
  • Dreamer, George (Geo):  1/10, 1/2
  • Dreamer, Geraldine (Jarline):  1/10, 5/42, 5/41, 6/45
  • Dreamer, Margery Gelliespie:  5/41
  • Dreamer, Verbina:  6/45
  • Eagle, Belinda:  5/40
  • Eagle, Ina:  5/40
  • Eagle Hawk:  5/41, 6/45
  • Eagle Hawk, Joseph:  1/10, 5/41
  • Eagle Hawk, Lester:  5/41, 6/45
  • Eagle Hawk, Sam:  1/10, 1/2
  • Eagle Hawk, Tibbett:  6/45
  • Fire Thunder, Alice:  5/42
  • Flat Lip, Ethel:  5/40
  • Flood, Etta:  5/41
  • Fly, Felix:  5/42
  • Fly, Lucy:  5/42
  • Fog In Morning, May:  5/40
  • Fog In Morning, Paul:  5/40
  • Friday Scares, Eddie:  1/10
  • Friday Scares, Mrs.:  1/10
  • Frost, John:  5/40
  • Gardner, Nevla:  5/40
  • Garnier, Buck:  1/10
  • Garnier, Effie:  6/45
  • Garnier, Gladys:  1/10
  • Gilliespie, Bell (see also Gillispie):  1/10
  • Gilliespie, Billy (Billie):  6/45
  • Gilliespie, Bob:  6/45
  • Gilliespie, Dan:  5/41
  • Gilliespie, Dickie (Dick):  5/41, 6/45
  • Gilliespie, George:  1/10, 5/41
  • Gilliespie, Marion:  1/10
  • Gilliespie, Tom:  1/10
  • Gillispie (see also Gilliespie), Bell:  6/45
  • Gitchell, Alva Gene:  5/41
  • Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Amis:  5/40
  • Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Jack:  5/40
  • Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Jackie:  5/40
  • Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Kitty:  5/40
  • Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Ruby:  5/40
  • Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Stella:  5/40
  • Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Winfield:  5/40
  • Good Weasel, David:  5/42
  • Gray Grass, Charlie:  5/42
  • Gray Grass, Martha:  5/42
  • Gray Grass, Martin:  5/42
  • Habner, Leslie:  5/40
  • Haines, Betty:  5/40
  • Harris, Erle:  5/40
  • Harris, Kenny:  5/40
  • Hawk, Sarah:  5/40
  • He Does It, Frank:  5/40
  • He Dog:  1/10
  • He Dog, Mrs.:  1/10
  • He Dog Community:  1/10
  • Herman, Eveline:  5/40
  • High White Man:  5/41, 6/45
  • High White Man, Edgar:  6/45
  • High White Man, Grant:  6/45
  • High White Man, Oscar:  6/45
  • Hogan, Mamie:  5/40
  • Holds the Enemy:  5/40
  • Holy Pipe, Charles (Charlie):  6/45
  • Holy Rock, Alma:  5/42
  • Holy Rock, Cecil:  5/42
  • Holy Rock, Morris:  5/42
  • Holy Rocks Family:  5/42
  • Iron Cloud, Mrs.:  5/42
  • Iron Hawk, Frank:  5/42
  • Iron Hawk, Mrs.:  5/42
  • Iron Plume, Micky:  5/42
  • Jacques, Freddie:  5/40
  • Jefferson, David:  5/40
  • Johnson, Houston:  5/40
  • Johnson, Jessie:  5/40
  • Kayama, Tausa:  5/40
  • Kayama, Tom:  5/40
  • Kendal, (Benny) Ben:  1/10, 5/41
  • Kendal, Ben Mrs.:  1/10
  • Kills Enemy, Geo (George):  5/42
  • Kills In Water, Elaine:  5/42
  • Kimbal, Glen:  5/40
  • Kindel, Bennie:  1/10
  • Kindel, Bessie:  1/10
  • Kindel, Catherine:  1/10
  • Kindel, Mark:  1/10
  • Kindel, Patrick:  1/10
  • Layton, Adrian:  5/40
  • Layton, Frank:  5/40
  • Layton, Jack (Jackie):  5/40
  • Layton, Wade:  5/40
  • Left Hand Bear:  1/10
  • Lewis, George:  5/40
  • Lewis, Pauline:  5/40
  • Lincoln, Rose:  5/40
  • Little, Tommy:  6/45
  • Little Light, Jenette:  5/40
  • Little Spotted Horse:  1/10, 5/41
  • Little Wound:  6/44
  • Loafer, Joe:  1/10
  • Loafer Joe, Anna:  1/10, 6/45
  • Loafer Joe, Mrs.:  1/10
  • Lone Man:  5/42
  • Masterson, Mary:  5/40
  • McKay, Edith:  5/40
  • McKinley Slow Bear Family:  1/10
  • McLean, Margaret:  5/40
  • Medicine Horse, Billy Boy:  5/40
  • Medicine Horse, Jim:  5/40
  • Medicine Horse, Marie:  5/40
  • Mortz, Ileen:  5/40
  • NAME/SUBJECT:  BOX/FOLDER
  • Naymatsu, Ken:  5/40
  • Naymatsu, Yasuo:  5/40
  • Nelson, Frank:  5/40
  • Nelson, Homer:  5/40
  • Nelson, Lena:  5/40
  • Nishino, Harry:  5/40
  • No Fat:  6/44
  • No Fat, Emma:  5/41
  • No Fat, Mrs.:  1/10, 6/45
  • Old Bear, Guy:  3/30, 5/40
  • Old Coyote, Barney:  5/40
  • Old Coyote, Mary:  5/40
  • One Feather:  5/42
  • Other Medicine, Gus:  5/40
  • Other Medicine, Smoky:  5/40
  • Pantja, Candelerio:  5/40
  • Pipe on Head Family:  1/10
  • Plenty Coo, Chief:  5/40
  • Plenty Holes, Annie:  5/41
  • Plenty Holes, Mrs:  5/41
  • Plimpton (see also Plympton), Delma:  5/40
  • Plympton, Waren:  5/40
  • Plympton (see also Plimpton):  5/40
  • Poor Thunder, Ollie:  5/42
  • Porcupine, Emma:  6/45
  • Porcupine, Joe:  1/10, 5/41
  • Pretty Bird, Ethel:  5/42
  • Pretty Weasel:  5/40
  • Pretty Weasel, Alfretta:  5/40
  • Ratteling Chase, Mrs.:  6/45
  • Real Bird, Martha:  3/30, 5/40
  • Real Bird, Ruby:  5/42
  • Red Bear:  1/10
  • Red Bear, Martin:  5/41
  • Red Shirt:  6/44
  • Red Shirt Table Community:  1/10
  • Red Short (Shirt):  5/42
  • Respects Nothing, Alex:  5/42
  • Respects Nothing, Doris:  5/42
  • Respects Nothing, Florine:  5/42
  • Respects Nothing, Woodrow:  5/42
  • Rock, Bell:  5/40
  • Rogers, Bill:  5/40
  • Roulard, Edith:  6/45
  • Roulard, Sam:  5/41, 6/45
  • Running Eagle:  5/41, 6/45
  • Running Eagle, Charlie:  6/45
  • Running Eagle, Florine:  6/45
  • Running Eagle, Hover (Hover):  1/10
  • Running Eagle, Mark:  1/10
  • Running Hawk:  5/42
  • S[i]lvan, Jimmie:  5/40
  • Scares, Mary:  5/41, 6/45
  • Schaffer, Agnes:  5/40
  • Schaffer, Hilda:  5/40
  • Shane, Caroline:  5/40
  • Shane, Philip:  5/40
  • Sharp Fish, Collins:  6/45
  • Sharp Fish, Narsis:  6/45
  • Sharp Fish, Talbert:  6/45
  • Sharp Fish, Ulysses:  6/45
  • Short Bull:  5/41, 6/45
  • Short Bull, Chief:  6/44
  • Short Bull, Eugene:  5/41
  • Short Bull, Herman:  6/45
  • Shot In The Hand:  6/44
  • Shoulder Hawk, Alice:  6/45
  • Sits Poor, Frank (Franklin):  5/42
  • Sleeps, Saul:  1/10
  • Sloan, Jim (Jimmie):  5/40
  • Slow Bear:  1/10
  • Slow Bear, Alfreda:  6/45
  • Slow Bear, Bat:  6/45
  • Slow Bear, Felix:  1/10
  • Slow Bear, Irene:  6/45
  • Slow Bear, Katherine:  6/45
  • Slow Bear, Mary:  6/45
  • Slow Bear, Mrs.:  6/45
  • Slow Bear, Roland:  1/10, 5/41
  • Smells (see also Two Stinks), Katherine:  5/40
  • Solace, Ceral:  5/40
  • Soldier, Hawk, Mrs.:  6/45
  • Spotted Crow, William:  6/44
  • Spotted Horse, Lydia:  1/6
  • Stands, Andrew:  6/45
  • Stands, Anna:  6/45
  • Stands, Corine:  1/10, 6/45
  • Stands, Evelyn:  6/45
  • Stands, Goldie:  6/45
  • Stands, Grandma:  6/45
  • Stands, Greta:  6/45
  • Stands, Hannah:  6/45
  • Stands, He:  1/10
  • Stands, Isaac:  6/45
  • Stands, Job (Jobie):  6/45
  • Stands, Jonas:  6/45
  • Stands, Levi:  6/45
  • Stands, Lucy:  6/45
  • Stands, Netta:  5/42
  • Stands, Paul:  1/10
  • Stands, Peter:  6/45
  • Stands, Peter Mrs.:  6/45
  • Stands, Sam:  1/10
  • Stands, Silas:  5/41, 6/45
  • Stands, Stella:  6/45
  • Stands, Vincent:  5/41
  • Stein, Albert:  5/40
  • Stewart, David:  5/40
  • Stewart, Grove:  5/40
  • Stewart, Johnnie:  5/40
  • Stewart, Laura:  5/40
  • Stinking Bear:  6/44
  • Stops, Agnes:  5/40
  • Swallow, Bernice:  6/45
  • Swallow, Charlie:  6/45
  • Swallow, Marie:  6/45
  • Swallow, Woodrow:  6/45
  • Takes a Gun, Frankie:  5/40
  • Takes a Wrinkle, Jennie:  5/40
  • Taul, Lyla Ann:  5/40
  • Ten Fingers, Asa:  6/45
  • Three Irons, Grace:  5/40
  • Three Irons, Minnie:  5/40
  • Three Irons, Victor:  5/40
  • Thunder Arm, Francis:  5/40
  • Thunder Iron, Francis:  5/40
  • Thunder Trail, Alice:  5/42
  • Thunder Trail, Dorene:  5/42
  • Titus, Mrs.:  1/10
  • Tobacco, Laura:  5/40
  • Tolman, Father:  5/40
  • Turns Back, Lucy:  5/40
  • Twists, Mrs.:  5/41
  • Two Bull(s), Moses:  5/41, 6/45
  • Two Leggings, Chief:  5/40
  • Two Stinks (see also Smells), Katherine:  5/40
  • Verebosch, Father:  5/40
  • White Clay Community:  5/41
  • Wilbert, Alinda:  5/40
  • Williams, Mary:  5/40
  • Williamson, Junior:  5/40
  • Williamson, Olive:  5/40
  • Wilson, Alice:  5/40
  • Wilson, Henry:  5/40
  • Wilson, Jessie:  5/40
  • Wilson, Phoebe:  5/40
  • Yarlott, Eugene:  5/40
  • Yellow Bear:  1/10
  • Yellow Hawk, Bob:  1/10
  • Yellow Hawk, Henry:  5/41
  • Yellow Hawk, Old:  1/10
  • Yellow Hawk, Old Mike:  1/10
  • Yellow Tail, Bob:  5/40
  • Yellow Tail, Tommy:  5/40
  • Young Man, Amos:  1/10
  • Young Man, Pough:  1/10, 5/41

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: Correspondence and Diaries 

Box Folder

Civil Service employment correspondence 1932-1942 

1 1

George Dreamer and Dreamer family, correspondence and miscellaneous items 1905-1938, undated 

1 2

Correspondence with Ralph "Doc" Hubbard 1973-1977, undated 

1 3

Correspondence with Job Corps coworkers and students 1967-1971, undated 

1 4

Correspondence with Job Corps coworkers and students 1967-1970, undated 

1 5

Land allotment and land management 1908-1952, undated 

1 6

Treaties and land allotments 1955-1962, undated 

1 7

Diaries 1929-1930 

1 8

Diary, Job Corps (McCoy, Illinois) circa 1966 

1 9

Diary, Number Five Day School 1936-1937 

1 10

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Series 2: Printed Material 

Box Folder

Daily News Sheet, Pine Ridge 1954-1956 

1 11

Job Corps 

Box Folder

Miscellaneous publications, Boxelder, South Dakota 1965-1976, undated 

1 12

Education Instruction Manuals 1967-1975, undated 

1 13

Handbooks, memoranda, miscellaneous publications, Marsing, Idaho 1968-1969 

1 14

Handbook, McCoy, Illinois undated 

2 15

Miscellaneous publications 1966-1967, undated 

2 16

Newsletters 1972-1976, undated 

2 17
Box Folder

Minutes from Oglala Sioux Tribal Council 1955 

2 18

The Pine Ridge: A Monthly News Bulletin 1965 

2 19

Plains Tribes 1940, 1958 

2 20

Presbyterian Church publications 1954-1959, undated 

2 21

Miscellaneous publications (Sioux) 1936-1962, undated 

2 22

Ten Year Development Program: Fort Peck, Montana 1964 

2 23

VISTA Training 1966 

2 24

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Series 3: Miscellaneous Items 

Box Folder

Clippings, American Indian Movement (AIM) 1973, undated 

2 25

Job Corps, Kokee, Hawaii 1970-1972, undated 

2 26

Miscellaneous materials 1961-1969, undated 

2 27

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Series 4: Photographic Materials, Scrapbooks, and Oversize 

Box Folder

Photographs, Job Corps, McCoy, Illinois 1966-1967, undated 

3 28-29

Multimedia art 1930, undated 

3 30

Job Corps, Boxelder, South Dakota, Scrapbook 1969-1972, undated 

3 31-32

VISTA Job Corps, Cottonwood, Idaho, Scrapbook 1966-1967, undated 

3 33

Scrapbooks, Job Corps 

Box Folder

Cottonwood, Idaho 1966-1967, undated 

3 34-35

Kokee, Hawaii (1 of 3) 1970-1972, undated 

3 36

Kokee, Hawaii (2 of 3) 1970-1972, undated 

4 37

Kokee, Hawaii (3 of 3) 1970-1972, undated 

4 38

Marsing, Idaho 1967-1969 

4 39.1-39.2
Box Folder

Processing file 

4 39.3

Scrapbook, Saint Xavier Public School, Crow Reservation 1924-1926, undated 

5 40

Scrapbook, Number Twelve, Five, and Twenty Six Day Schools 1936-1959, undated 

5 41

Scrapbook, Grass Creek Day School 1940-1941, undated 

5 42

Miscellaneous items related to Sioux life ways and traditions undated 

6 43

Photographs and postcards of Native people 1904, undated 

6 44

Scrapbook, Day School Number Five 1933-1937, undated 

6 45

Scrapbook, Parent-Teacher correspondence 1935-1940, undated 

6 46

Scrapbook, miscellaneous 1909-1947, undated 

6 47

Clippings, Sioux, Pine Ridge, Black Hills 1981-1984, undated 

7 48

Job Corps student drawing by Philip Smith undated 

7 49

Pamphlets and newsletters about Korczak Ziolkowski 1981-1984, undated 

7 50

Newspaper clippings about Crazy Horse Monument, Korczak Ziolkowski 1975-1984, undated 

7 51

Newsletters, Crazy Horse Progress 1980-1982 

7 52

Newsletters, Crazy Horse Progress 1983 

7 53

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