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Cage 69
Marion Billbrough Dreamer
Papers, 1904-1984


Marion Dreamer (left) and Genette Little Light, 1927

Marion Dreamer donated her personal papers to the Washington State University Libraries between 1973 and 1984. The collection was processed in 2005 by Katrina Paxton.

Number of Containers: 7
Linear Feet of Shelf Space: 4

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

Marion Billbrough Dreamer was born on September 12, 1896 in Michigan. Little is known about her childhood, but education was a hallmark in much of her adult life. In 1924 Dreamer was accepted into Washington State College; in the same year she accepted her first teaching position at Saint Xavier’s School in Montana. She taught in Montana until 1928 when her career path was temporarily diverted to law enforcement. Dreamer relocated to Detroit, Michigan in 1929 and became a patrol officer. Her primary responsibilities were to investigate cases and allegations regarding girls and young women. According to her diary, much of her time was devoted to investigating reports of "immoral living arrangements," prostitution, sexual assaults, incest, burlesque shows, and dance halls. Dreamer’s career as a police officer lasted less than a year, and she returned to her former profession as an educator.

Over the next thirteen years, between 1929 and 1942, Dreamer worked in Nebraska and South Dakota. In 1932, after being placed on a wait list for a civil service position, she accepted a teaching post as a day school teacher for the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). She taught at a number of different day schools on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. There she met George (Geo) Dreamer, her future husband. She struggled with lingering health problems, and in 1942 she resigned her post on the Pine Ridge Reservation. Shortly thereafter, in 1947, George Dreamer died after an attack of appendicitis.

At the age of 70, Dreamer enlisted with a national volunteer program, Volunteers in Service to America Project (VISTA). She served at various Job Corps sites in several states, including Montana, Idaho, Illinois, South Dakota, and Hawaii. As a VISTA volunteer, she worked as a librarian, mentor, and reading instructor. She was deeply connected to her VISTA work and created lifelong bonds with some of her Job Corps students. Her papers show that it was with deep personal regret that she retired as a VISTA volunteer in 1977. Marion B. Dreamer passed away October 2, 1992 in Dewitt, Michigan.

ARRANGEMENT AND DESCRIPTION

The collection covers a period from 1905 to 1984. The bulk of the material covers Dreamer’s work as a VISTA volunteer involved in the Job Corps during the 1960s and 1970s. Materials in this collection include photographs, scrapbooks, diaries, artwork, poetry, correspondence, and miscellaneous printed items. One item, the Dakota Territory newspaper Iapi Oaye, was transferred to the Historical Newspaper Collection.

A name and subject index has been created for portions of this collection, and is included at the end of this document.

SERIES LIST

Series 1: Correspondence and Diaries
Series 2: Printed Material
Series 3: Miscellaneous Items
Series 4: Photographic Materials, Scrapbooks, and Oversize

CONTAINER LIST

Box Folder   Description
 
Series 1: Correspondence and Diaries
 
11Civil Service employment correspondence, 1932-1942
2George Dreamer and Dreamer family, correspondence and miscellaneous items, 1905-1938, undated
3Correspondence with Ralph “Doc” Hubbard; 1973-1977, undated
4Correspondence with Job Corps coworkers and students; 1967-1971, undated
5Correspondence with Job Corps coworkers and students; 1967-1970, undated
6Land allotment and land management; 1908-1952, undated
7Treaties and land allotments; 1955-1962, undated
8Diaries, 1929-1930
9Diary, Job Corps (McCoy, Illinois), circa 1966
10Diary, Number Five Day School, 1936-1937
 
Series 2: Printed Material
 
11Daily News Sheet, Pine Ridge, 1954-1956
Job Corps
12   Miscellaneous publications, Boxelder, South Dakota; 1965-1976, undated
13   Education Instruction Manuals; 1967-1975, undated.
14   Handbooks, memoranda, miscellaneous publications, Marsing, Idaho, 1968-1969
215   Handbook, McCoy, Illinois, undated
16   Miscellaneous publications; 1966-1967, undated
17   Newsletters; 1972-1976, undated
18Minutes from Oglala Sioux Tribal Council, 1955
19The Pine Ridge: A Monthly News Bulletin, 1965
20Plains Tribes; 1940, 1958
21Presbyterian Church publications; 1954-1959, undated
22Miscellaneous publications (Sioux); 1936-1962, undated
23Ten Year Development Program: Fort Peck, Montana, 1964
24VISTA Training, 1966
 
Series 3: Miscellaneous Items
 
25Clippings, American Indian Movement (AIM); 1973, undated
26Job Corps, Kokee, Hawaii; 1970-1972, undated
27Miscellaneous materials; 1961-1969, undated
 
Series 4: Photographic Materials, Scrapbooks, and Oversize
 
328-29Photographs, Job Corps, McCoy, Illinois; 1966-1967, undated
30Multimedia art; 1930, undated
31-32Job Corps, Boxelder, South Dakota, Scrapbook; 1969-1972, undated
33VISTA Job Corps, Cottonwood, Idaho, Scrapbook; 1966-1967, undated
Scrapbooks, Job Corps
34-35   Cottonwood, Idaho; 1966-1967, undated
36   Kokee, Hawaii; 1970-1972, undated (1 of 3)
437   Kokee, Hawaii; 1970-1972, undated (2 of 3)
38   Kokee, Hawaii; 1970-1972, undated (3 of 3)
39.1-39.2   Marsing, Idaho, 1967-1969
39.3Processing file
540Scrapbook, Saint Xavier Public School, Crow Reservation; 1924-1926, undated.
41Scrapbook, Number Twelve, Five, and Twenty Six Day Schools; 1936-1959, undated
42Scrapbook, Grass Creek Day School; 1940-1941, undated
643Miscellaneous items related to Sioux life ways and traditions, undated
44Photographs and postcards of Native people; 1904, undated
45Scrapbook, Day School Number Five; 1933-1937, undated
46Scrapbook, Parent-Teacher correspondence; 1935-1940, undated
47Scrapbook, miscellaneous; 1909-1947, undated
748Clippings, Sioux, Pine Ridge, Black Hills; 1981-1984, undated
49Job Corps student drawing by Philip Smith, undated
50Pamphlets and newsletters about Korczak Ziolkowski; 1981-1984, undated
51Newspaper clippings about Crazy Horse Monument, Kroczak Ziolkowski; 1975-1984, undated.
52Newsletters, Crazy Horse Progress, 1980-1982
53Newsletters, Crazy Horse Progress, 1983


INDEX

Name / Subject Folder
 
A
 
Adams, Douglas 40
Afraid of Hawk, Old Man 41
Afraid of His Horse 44, 41
Afraid of His Horse, Amos 10, 41
Afraid of His Horse Community 10
Anderson, Tommy 40
Asbury, Mary 40
 
B
 
Bear Saves Life, Alvina 45
Bear Saves Life, May 10
Bear Saves Life, Paul 42, 45
Beards, Bertha 40
Bell Rocks, Buster 30
Belt, Jerry 42
Bend, Cynthia 40
Benn[s], Tom (Thomas) 40
Benzel, Fred 40
Big Man, Edgar 40
Big Man, Max 30, 40
Big Man, Max Jr. 40
Big Man, Myrtle 40
Big Shoulder, Geneive 40
Bill, Howard Wheeler 41
Bird Horse 40
Bird Woman 40
Black Cat, David 42
Black Deer, William 10
Black Fox 45
Black Fox, Mrs. 45
Blummer, Paul 40
Brings Him Back (Unnamed Infant) 42
Brings Yellow, John (Johnnie) 10, 41
Brings Yellow, Theodore (Theo) 41, 45
 
C
 
Caplet, Rosie 40
Carrick (see also Carwick), Emerson 10
Carter, Adrian 40
Carwick (see also Carrick), Emerson 10
Chase, William (Willie) 10
Chase Alone, Agnes 42
Chase Alone, Margaret 42
Chase Alone, Martin 42
Chase Alone, Roland 42
Chase Along, Roland 42
Chase Along, Vina 42
Chase In Winter, Willie 42
Cheyenne, Jona 10
Cheyenne, Mrs. 10
Cheyenne, Zona 45
Clark, Minnie 40
Clifford, Louise 40
Connor, Dorothy 40
Connor, Jennie 40
Costalla, Ivadale 45
Crazy Horse Band 42
Crow, Issac 10
Crow, Nelson 45
Crow, Russell 10
Cummings, Pete 10
Cuplit, Rosie 40
Curly, George 44
Cyrenius 30
 
D
 
Daymond, Henry 40
Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Amis 40
Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Jack 40
Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Jackie 40
Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Kitty 40
Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Ruby 40
Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Stella 40
Deer Nose (see also Goes to Gather), Winfield 40
Door, Mary 40
Drake, Ira 40
Dreamer, Aaron 10, 2, 41
Dreamer, Geraldine (Jarline) 10, 42, 41, 45
Dreamer, George (Geo) 10, 2
Dreamer, Margery Gelliespie 41
Dreamer, Verbina 45
 
E
 
Eagle, Belinda 40
Eagle, Ina 40
Eagle Hawk 41, 45
Eagle Hawk, Joseph 10, 41
Eagle Hawk, Lester 41, 45
Eagle Hawk, Sam 10, 2
Eagle Hawk, Tibbett 45
 
F
 
Fire Thunder, Alice 42
Flat Lip, Ethel 40
Flood, Etta 41
Fly, Felix 42
Fly, Lucy 42
Fog In Morning, May 40
Fog In Morning, Paul 40
Friday Scares, Eddie 10
Friday Scares, Mrs. 10
Frost, John 40
 
G
 
Gardner, Nevla 40
Garnier, Buck 10
Garnier, Gladys 10
Garnier, Effie 45
Gillispie (see also Gilliespie), Bell 45
Gilliespie, Bell (see also Gillispie) 10
Gilliespie, Billy (Billie) 45
Gilliespie, Bob 45
Gilliespie, Dan 41
Gilliespie, Dickie (Dick) 41, 45
Gilliespie, George 10, 41
Gilliespie, Marion 10
Gilliespie, Tom 10
Gitchell, Alva Gene 41
Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Amis 40
Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Jack 40
Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Jackie 40
Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Kitty 40
Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Ruby 40
Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Stella 40
Goes To Gather (see also Deer Nose), Winfield 40
Good Weasel, David 42
Gray Grass, Charlie 42
Gray Grass, Martha 42
Gray Grass, Martin 42
 
H
 
Habner, Leslie 40
Haines, Betty 40
Harris, Erle 40
Harris, Kenny 40
Hawk, Sarah 40
He Does It, Frank 40
He Dog 10
He Dog Community 10
He Dog, Mrs. 10
Herman, Eveline 40
High White Man 41, 45
High White Man, Edgar 45
High White Man, Grant 45
High White Man, Oscar 45
Hogan, Mamie 40
Holds the Enemy 40
Holy Pipe, Charles (Charlie) 45
Holy Rock, Alma 42
Holy Rock, Cecil 42
Holy Rock, Morris 42
Holy Rocks Family 42
 
I
 
Iron Cloud, Mrs. 42
Iron Hawk, Frank 42
Iron Hawk, Mrs. 42
Iron Plume, Micky 42
 
J
 
Jacques, Freddie 40
Jefferson, David 40
Johnson, Houston 40
Johnson, Jessie 40
 
K
 
Kayama, Tausa 40
Kayama, Tom 40
Kendal, (Benny) Ben 10, 41
Kendal, Ben Mrs. 10
Kills Enemy, Geo (George) 42
Kills In Water, Elaine 42
Kimbal, Glen 40
Kindel, Bennie 10
Kindel, Bessie 10
Kindel, Catherine 10
Kindel, Mark 10
Kindel, Patrick 10
 
L
 
Layton, Adrian 40
Layton, Frank 40
Layton, Jack (Jackie) 40
Layton, Wade 40
Left Hand Bear 10
Lewis, George 40
Lewis, Pauline 40
Lincoln, Rose 40
Little, Tommy 45
Little Light, Jenette 40
Little Spotted Horse 10, 41
Little Wound 44
Loafer, Joe 10
Loafer Joe, Anna 10, 45
Loafer Joe, Mrs. 10
Lone Man 42
 
M
 
Masterson, Mary 40
McKay, Edith 40
McKinley Slow Bear Family 10
McLean, Margaret 40
Medicine Horse, Billy Boy40
Medicine Horse, Jim 40
Medicine Horse, Marie 40
Mortz, Ileen 40
 
N
 
Naymatsu, Ken 40
Naymatsu, Yasuo 40
Nelson, Frank 40
Nelson, Homer 40
Nelson, Lena 40
Nishino, Harry 40
No Fat 44
No Fat, Emma 41
No Fat, Mrs. 10, 45
 
O
 
Old Bear, Guy 30, 40
Old Coyote, Barney 40
Old Coyote, Mary 40
One Feather 42
Other Medicine, Gus 40
Other Medicine, Smoky 40
 
P
 
Pantja, Candelerio 40
Pipe on Head Family 10
Plenty Coo, Chief 40
Plenty Holes, Annie 41
Plenty Holes, Mrs 41
Plimpton (see also Plympton), Delma 40
Plympton (see also Plimpton) 40
Plympton, Waren 40
Porcupine, Emma 45
Porcupine, Joe 10, 41
Pretty Bird, Ethel 42
Pretty Weasel 40
Pretty Weasel, Alfretta 40
Poor Thunder, Ollie 42
 
Q-R
 
Ratteling Chase, Mrs. 45
Real Bird, Martha 30, 40
Real Bird, Ruby 42
Red Bear 10
Red Bear, Martin 41
Red Shirt 44
Red Shirt Table Community 10
Red Short (Shirt) 42
Respects Nothing, Alex 42
Respects Nothing, Doris 42
Respects Nothing, Florine 42
Respects Nothing, Woodrow 42
Rock, Bell 40
Rogers, Bill 40
Roulard, Edith 45
Roulard, Sam 41, 45
Running Eagle 41, 45
Running Eagle, Charlie 45
Running Eagle, Florine 45
Running Eagle, Hover (Hover) 10
Running Eagle, Mark 10
Running Hawk 42
 
S
 
Scares, Mary 41, 45
Schaffer, Agnes 40
Schaffer, Hilda 40
Shane, Caroline 40
Shane, Philip 40
Sharp Fish, Collins 45
Sharp Fish, Narsis 45
Sharp Fish, Talbert 45
Sharp Fish, Ulysses 45
Shoulder Hawk, Alice 45
Short Bull 41, 45
Short Bull, Chief 44
Short Bull, Eugene 41
Short Bull, Herman 45
Shot In The Hand 44
S[i]lvan, Jimmie 40
Sits Poor, Frank (Franklin) 42
Sloan, Jim (Jimmie) 40
Sleeps, Saul 10
Slow Bear 10
Slow Bear, Alfreda 45
Slow Bear, Bat 45
Slow Bear, Felix 10
Slow Bear, Irene 45
Slow Bear, Katherine 45
Slow Bear, Mary 45
Slow Bear, Mrs. 45
Slow Bear, Roland 10, 41
Smells (see also Two Stinks), Katherine 40
Solace, Ceral 40
Soldier, Hawk, Mrs. 45
Spotted Crow, William 44
Spotted Horse, Lydia 6
Stands, Andrew 45
Stands, Anna 45
Stands, Corine 10, 45
Stands, Evelyn 45
Stands, Goldie 45
Stands, Grandma 45
Stands, He 10
Stands, Hannah 45
Stands, Isaac 45
Stands, Greta 45
Stands, Job (Jobie) 45
Stands, Jonas 45
Stands, Levi 45
Stands, Lucy 45
Stands, Netta 42
Stands, Paul 10
Stands, Peter 45
Stands, Peter Mrs. 45
Stands, Sam 10
Stands, Silas 41, 45
Stands, Stella 45
Stands, Vincent 41
Stewart, David 40
Stewart, Grove 40
Stewart, Johnnie 40
Stewart, Laura 40
Stein, Albert 40
Stinking Bear 44
Stops, Agnes 40
Swallow, Bernice 45
Swallow, Charlie 45
Swallow, Marie 45
Swallow, Woodrow 45
 
T
 
Takes a Gun, Frankie 40
Takes a Wrinkle, Jennie 40
Taul, Lyla Ann 40
Ten Fingers, Asa 45
Three Irons, Grace 40
Three Irons, Minnie 40
Three Irons, Victor 40
Thunder Arm, Francis 40
Thunder Iron, Francis 40
Thunder Trail, Alice 42
Thunder Trail, Dorene 42
Titus, Mrs. 10
Tobacco, Laura 40
Tolman, Father 40
Turns Back, Lucy 40
Two Leggings, Chief 40
Two Stinks (see also Smells), Katherine 40
Twists, Mrs. 41
Two Bull(s), Moses 41, 45
 
U-V
 
Verebosch, Father 40
 
W
 
White Clay Community 41
Wilbert, Alinda 40
Williams, Mary 40
Williamson, Junior 40
Williamson, Olive 40
Wilson, Alice 40
Wilson, Jessie 40
Wilson, Henry 40
Wilson, Phoebe 40
 
X-Y-Z
 
Yarlott, Eugene 40
Yellow Bear 10
Yellow Hawk, Bob 10
Yellow Hawk, Henry 41
Yellow Hawk, Old 10
Yellow Hawk, Old Mike 10
Young Man, Amos 10
Young Man, Pough 10, 41
Yellow Tail, Bob 40
Yellow Tail, Tommy 40