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Cage 671a
Charles and Elizabeth Peck
Collection of Pacific Northwest Coast Indian Artifacts, ca. 1970s

Elizabeth Peck donated this collection to the Washington State University Libraries in 2001. These artifacts are related to the papers, audio recordings, and other materials in Cage 671, the Charles and Elizabeth Peck Collection of Northwest Coast Indian Life, 1958-2000. The collection was processed in 2005 by Cheryl Gunselman, Manuscripts Librarian.

The images included in this guide were taken by Michael Walpole, graphic designer, in conjunction with the processing of the collection. Additional images (slides and/or photographic prints) of many of these items are also included in Cage 671.

Number of containers: 6
Linear feet of shelf space: 9

BIOGRAPHY

(from the collection guide for Cage 671, the Charles and Elizabeth Peck Collection of Northwest Coast Indian Life, 1958-2000)

Charles Peck was born May 22, 1914, in Hazard, Kentucky. He graduated from West Virginia University School of Forestry in 1939 and received a master’s degree in public administration and economics from the University of Colorado in 1963. In 1967 he joined the Agricultural Extension Service at Washington State University as an Information Specialist. He served as a county extension agent for WSU in Cowlitz, Mason and Spokane counties. In 1970 he produced a series of photographs expressing the meaning of responsible land use management, with the Queets River basin serving as the site for his study.

Elizabeth (Tuckwiller) Peck was born in 1918. She graduated from West Virginia University with an A.B. in Music Education in 1939. In April of 1970 Charles and Elizabeth moved to Queets, Washington, for a planned six-month sabbatical leave. Their six-month sojourn lasted 17 years. As Charles said:

"Little did we know that the central issue of the sabbatical would swiftly gravitate to trying to develop a comfortable and lasting rapport with the Quinault Indians of Queets, and to learn something of their culture. We were to find such work often sobering and difficult, but always exciting. We were to find trust developing slowly. But finally were able to make friends with the generous and gifted people."

While in Queets they lived among the Pacific coast Native American tribes of Washington State, documenting and recording their history and music. Elizabeth’s musical interests helped ease fears among tribal elders that their musical heritage would, in short order, become irretrievably lost: she preserved and documented some of this heritage in hundreds of hours of recorded material and in the work she did for her master’s thesis, “Songs of the Bogachiel.” There she attempted to understand the power of a family song from a Quileute point of view, focusing on the role of song ownership.

She received her master’s degree in 1973 from Washington State University Department of Music. Elizabeth also taught at the Queets-Clearwater school and was an avid seamstress.

Charles photographed a variety of subjects, but he especially enjoyed photographing Indian children. He published some of those photos in an ABC book for children. His photos have been displayed throughout the Northwest, including Portland and Seattle. In addition to his photography he became known on the reservation for his drum-making skills and as an avid fisherman.

ARRANGEMENT AND DESCRIPTION

The artifacts are grouped by object type. The quotations in the descriptions for the baskets and deer hooves are taken from Elizabeth Peck’s notes (included in Box 6). The item numbers reflect the current arrangement of the collection. The basket and drum numbers are the original numbers assigned by Peck.

CONTAINER LIST

Box Item   Description
Photograph
11Miscellaneous 1: Deer hooves. Accompanying note reads in part: "Used for rattles attached to sticks or wrist rings, on ankles, clothing, medicine sticks and many other ways."
22Miscellaneous 2: Loose bear grass leaves, dried.
3Drum 2. Inscription: "This drum by Charles K. Peck, Queets, Wash., August 5, 1971. Head: Mule Deer; Lacing: Elk; Frame: W. R. Cedar; Made for: Elizabeth (Libby) T. Peck. Drum Number 2."
Height: 7 cm.
Diameter: 38 cm.

Drum 2
34Basket 4: "A Makah basket...made of cedar bark."
Height: 8 cm.
Diameter: 19 cm.

Basket 4
5Basket 13: "Made by Leila Penn Fisher, Hoh...Materials: cedar bark, bear grass, bottom grass base?" Includes lid.
Height: 5 cm.
Diameter: 7 cm.

Left to right: Basket 22 (with lid for Basket 15), Basket 20, Basket 15 (Basket 21 inside), Basket 13
6Basket 15: "Made by Helen Sailto Lee, Hoh Indian." Includes lid.
Height: 8 cm.
Diameter: 8 cm.
7Basket 20: "By a Neah Bay Indian." Includes lid.
Height: 5 cm.
Diameter: 8 cm.
8Basket 21: "A British Columbia basket via Mary ‘Lilybelle’ Williams." Includes lid.
Height: 5 cm.
Diameter: 5 cm.
9Basket 22: "Made by Mrs. Howard Logan of Queets, WA." Includes lid.
Height: 5 cm.
Diameter: 6 cm.
10Basket 29: "Miniature harpoon point holder. A gift from the Ward family, Neah Bay, WA. Used as a tourist item to hold mail."
Height: 25 cm.
Width: 30 cm.

Basket 29
11Basket 17: "By Freda Charles Kalama of Queets, WA. An early basket made in 1970...Freda had not learned to make lids."
Height: 5 cm.
Diameter: 7 cm.

Left to right: Basket 40, Basket 17 (Basket 23 inside), Basket 41
12Basket 23: "Made in British Columbia. Purchased by Mary Williams when she visited her B.C. Indian friends." Includes lid.
Height: 4 cm.
Diameter: 6 cm.
13Basket 40: "Woven by Mrs. Chet Pulcifer (Elvira), Lummi heritage, of Queets, WA."
Height: 6 cm.
Diameter: 8 cm.
14Basket 41: "By Alvira Pulcifer, Queets."
Height: 7 cm.
Length: 11 cm.
Width: 10 cm.
15Basket 34: "Made by Elizabeth Peck…cedar bark work basket," 1972
Height: 22 cm.
Width: 25 cm.
Length: 30 cm.

Basket 34
16Basket 35: "By Dorothy Flynn, Queets, WA." Basket with "fishbone" design.
Height: 9 cm.
Width: 14 cm.
Length: 21 cm.

Basket 35
17Basket 43: "Quileute basket made by Leila Fisher of Hoh, WA. Made of cedar bark, bear grass and bottom grass," 1972
Height: 5 cm.
Length: 15 cm.
Width: 15 cm.

Left to right: Basket 11, Basket 43
18Basket 11: "By Mary Fisher Williams, Quileute, from Hoh River…mostly swamp grass." Includes lid, 1971
Height: 8 cm.
Diameter: 12 cm.
419Basket 1: "By Mary Williams…Bear grass, cedar bark, raffia and fabric lining," 1970
Height: 22 cm.
Length: 37 cm.
Width: 20 cm.

Basket 1
20Basket 2: "By Makah of Neah Bay."
Height: 5 cm.
Length: 15 cm.
Width: 9 cm.

Basket 2
21Basket 3: "Made by Dorothy Wheeler Flynn, Quileute mother of Jesse ‘PeeWee’ Kawoosh of Queets, WA," 1976
Height: 22 cm.
Diameter: 27 cm.

Basket 3
22Basket 10: "Made by Leila Penn Fisher, Hoh…Basket materials are cedar bark, Bear Grass or ‘straw’ and raffia."
Height: 18 cm.
Diameter: 13 cm.

Basket 10
23Basket 19: "Made by Charlotte Kalama, Queets, WA. This is Charlotte’s first ‘open weave’ basket… Materials: cedar bark and raffia," 1973
Height: 11 cm.
Length: 15 cm.
Width: 13 cm.

Basket 19
24Basket 24: "Match holder basketry by Charlotte Kalama, Quileute."
Height: 12 cm.
Length: 10 cm.
Width: 10 cm.

Basket 24
25Basket 25: "Woven cedar bark match holder—Makah."
Height: 13 cm.
Length: 9 cm.
Width: 9 cm.

Basket 25
26Basket 42: "Louise Pulcifer—Skokomish."
Height: 15 cm.
Length: 20 cm.
Width: 13 cm.

Basket 42
527Basket 6: "Made by Mrs. Maggie Kelly, Quinault…raffia is sewed with a needle over cattail," 1971
Height: 25 cm.
Diameter: 18 cm.

Basket 6
28Basket 8: "Makah shopping basket."
Height: 17 cm.
Length: 24 cm.
Width: 16 cm.

Basket 8
29Basket 9: "Makah shopping basket by Irene Ward."
Height: 16 cm.
Length: 27 cm.
Width: 15 cm.

Basket 9
30Basket 12: "Open weave basket by Mrs. Maggie Kelly in Queets, WA," ca. 1970s
Height: 28 cm.
Diameter: 21 cm.

Basket 12
31Basket 33: "Made by Elizabeth Peck who lived in Queets 1970-1973."
Height: 5 cm.
Diameter: 8 cm.

Basket 33
32Basket 44: "Half completed by Mary K. Leitka, daughter of Leila Penn Fisher…Elizabeth wanted this basket as an example of making baskets."
Height: 11 cm.
Diameter: 8 cm.

Basket 44
633Whalebone, carved in shape of sword.
Length: 80 cm.
34Carved wooden paddle. Photo attached, with inscription "Captain Sam, Queets, Olympic, 1931." On opposite side, marked "Harry Sam, Born Dec. 24, 1900."
Length: 62 cm.
 
Box Folder   Description
 
71Accompanying documentation, Boxes 1-3
2Accompanying documentation, Box 4
3Accompanying documentation, Box 5
4Supporting documentation (miscellaneous). Includes newspaper article about Charlotte Kalama: "Weaving Life—One Strand at a Time," The Daily World, 4 August 2002.
5Processing file